Jawa Tengah or Central Java is administratively established as one of provinces in Indonesia based on the Act No.10 / 1950 dated on July 4, 1950. The longest distance is 263 km from West to East and 226 km from north to south (excluding the island of Karimunjawa). Jawa Tengah province is divided into 29 regencies and 6 municipalities. Central Java approximately covers 25.04 percent area of the island of Java. Central Java province is bordered by West Java province in the west, and East java province in the eastern part, the Java Sea in the north side and Special Region of Yogyakarta province in the southern side.
There are 32.6 million people recorded as Central Java's population in 2011. It makes Central Java as the third most densely populated province in Indonesia. To live, people work as farmers, traders, civil servants and employees of private companies. Apart from the indigenous tribes, there are also some foreign ethnic groups living in Central Java province. Most of them are Arabic, Chinese, Hindi and Pakistan. Indigenous women in Central Java, mostly older generation, wear “Kebaya”. In addition, teenagers and adults dress in modern clothes, such as blouses and skirts, or pants, while people who live in rural areas mostly wear sarong and shirt. Javanese people are famous for their hospitality, politeness and courtesy, which are typical Javanese habits.
The official language of Central Java community is Bahasa, the national language of Indonesia. Furthermore, everyday language is Javanese, which consists of various dialects, such as Javanese language spoken in Banyumas, Tegal, Pekalongan, Pati and Surakarta.
Central Java is undoubtedly one of the centers of Javanese civilization. Evidence of this civilization is still discovered, not only in archaeological relics such as Hindu and Buddhist temples, but also crafts, music and dance, and habits of everyday society that moves naturally.